6 Types of Tea
Have you ever wondered:
What are the different types of tea?
There are a huge variety of teas out there now and it’s easy to get confused. Different sources give different information, but there are really only 6 basic types of tea.
Today I will tell you about them. Including the history of this or that kind of tea, production, and healing properties.
I hope that you will choose your own tea.
So, let’s begin.
True connoisseurs consider white tea to be the most beautiful kind of tea.
The subtle aroma and great taste of this drink conquer the hearts of gourmets all over the world.
The name of this tea is due to the white nap – “Bai Hao”, which covers the tea leaves and gives them a noble silver color. It is distinguished by an exquisite fresh floral fragrance, unique thin honey-melon taste and bright, light transparent infusion.
This type of tea undergoes an oxidation process of 5-7% and is one of the most expensive varieties.
For the production of white tea, kidneys and the very first leaves are used. They are collected in the early spring from March 15 to April 10 in clear sunny weather – then they are especially delicate.
Due to the nature of the collection and processing, it retains the greatest amount of useful substances. White tea is rich in mineral substances, essential oils and caffeine. It is important to note that caffeine, which is contained in tea, is much more useful than caffeine, which is contained in coffee.
In the production process, white tea undergoes minimal processing, so that all its useful substances are preserved. No wonder it is called the “elixir of longevity” – it can save you from many diseases, improve your emotional state, strengthen your immune system and cleanse your body.
Want to know more about useful properties?
-In the white pile, which is found on leaves and buds, there is a huge amount of essential oils. It is thanks to them that white tea gives a cooling effect. It will refresh in any heat and easily quench thirst.
– It has a relaxing effect, relieves the symptoms of over-excitation, soothes emotions and body.
-Excellent natural antioxidant. It is suitable for various types of intoxication – alcohol, food, chemical. Possessing the ability to remove heavy metals and acids, white tea also has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects.
-It burns fats. This has been confirmed by numerous studies – including a team of scientists led by Mark Winnfield (Germany). So white tea is good for those who want to lose weight or stay in great physical shape.
Nowadays green tea has become very popular, even coffee and black tea lovers are increasingly turning their attention to this drink. And this is completely justified because besides taste and aroma, green tea is healthy, raises vitality and improves mood. In addition, green tea acts very gently, harmlessly, improving the general condition of our body.
Let’s talk about the history of green tea.
We can thank the Chinese people who began to grow tea in the II century BC. When the Tang dynasty ascended the Chinese throne, the preparation of green tea turned into a ceremony.
From the end of summer to the last days of autumn, the flowering period of this plant lasts. From October to December, the plant matures. Green tea plantations are in China, India, Japan, South America and Africa. Only young shoots, upper leaves (2 or 3) are used for production. To preserve freshness, they are processed on the day if collection.
The technology of green tea production consists of the following stages: fixation (steaming), twisting, drying and sorting. Fermentation of such tea is 3-12 percent.
The many useful properties of green tea are explained by the large content of various chemical compounds.
This is crazy:
The basic composition of tea includes about 500 (!) Elements (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, fluoride, etc.), 450 kinds of organic compounds (proteins, fats, etc.) and almost all groups of vitamins. It is not surprising, therefore, that green tea brings so many benefits!
Green tea has many useful and medicinal properties, but the most important for us in this drink is its ability to slow the aging of the body and to resist the development of cancer within it. How useful is green tea?
Let’s look at the other properties of green tea:
– Reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
– Moderately speeds up the metabolism, so it can contribute to the process of weight loss.
– Reduces the risk of cancer.
– Has antimicrobial properties.
– Regular use of this healthy drink helps the body get rid of harmful metals: lead, cadmium, mercury, and radioactive compounds.
– Regular use of green tea varieties is useful for preventing caries, normalizing the metabolic processes.
– Prevents formation and promotes excretion of sand and stones from the kidneys.
These are not all the useful properties of green tea, but to list them all we would have to write an entire article!
But be careful!
– Caffeine in green tea excites the nervous system, which causes people suffering from nervous exhaustion to experience sleep disturbance and loss of energy. Such people should not drink tea at night, but only in the morning and in small quantities. It is not recommended for those who suffer from insomnia, tachycardia, or increased excitability.
– Women should avoid green tea at certain times. For example, it is better to abandon it (or reduce its use) during the period of menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and before childbirth.
– Green tea often lowers blood pressure, therefore it is contraindicated in large quantities with hypertension. However, it is not recommended for hypertension in the acute form.
– If you have an exacerbation of any chronic disease, then this tea should also be drunk with caution. Especially if it is a peptic ulcer disease, because of the increased acidity of gastric juice caused by green tea.
In Europe, this kind of tea is virtually unknown, since until recently its export from China was punishable by death (It is known that violations related to the trade in tea, and even more so with its smuggling, were punished in China quite severely…So, for example, in the 16th century, for the transfer of tea to foreigners, the imperial son-in-law Ou Yan-Lun was sentenced to death by quartering.
What’s the bottom line?
Initially in China, yellow tea was consumed exclusively by the imperial family, which was due to the fact that the infusion of this tea was used for the annual spring sacrifice to the ancestors of the emperor (the Qing Ming feast on April 5, which also had the name – plant holiday). Until the beginning of the 20th century, yellow tea was considered a drink exclusively for the upper class and the emperor of China.
The first access to yellow tea was given to Russian merchants who, as early as the 16th century, exchanged an expensive drink for sable fur.
Yellow tea, by its properties (fineness and variability of taste and aroma), is close to white and green tea, even visually it resembles these sorts of teas, with the only difference being that it has a slightly dark shade.
In its preparation and properties there are significant features. Yellow teas are made only from a small size of young buds, so all varieties of yellow teas are among the most elite. Also, due to the smell and taste, it is completely unlike any other type of tea. The flavor is complex – soft, velvety, tender and elusive. Yellow tea knows no equal.
According to the degree of fermentation, yellow tea is in third place after the green, about 7-10% fermentation.
A real yellow tea is easy to distinguish from a fake by the pale pink reflex of the infusion on the wall of a white porcelain vessel. The color of the tea is pale green or golden. Yellow teas are produced only in China and there are very few of them.
The excellent health effect of this drink is associated with its ingredients, which are a valuable deposit of useful vitamins, amino acids and trace elements. The plant has a rich chemical composition, which, after the correct brewing, is preserved in the aromatic beverage.
You might be wondering:
If you drink yellow tea regularly, then you can successfully resist a huge number of diseases, including:
– Lowering the cholesterol level in the blood.
– Comprehensive prophylaxis in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
– Assistance in treating impotence and female diseases.
– Assistance in treating problems with the respiratory system.
– As an effective antipyretic agent.
– To reduce the likelihood of anemia.
– For cleansing the kidneys.
– For the normalization of the gallbladder.
The most “Chinese” tea is Oolong tea, which retains the fresh aroma of green tea, but gives a pronounced taste, more characteristic of black tea. It occupies an intermediate position between black and green teas in terms of the degree of fermentation.
Formally, Oolongs are classified as semi-fermented teas. This means that 40 to 70% of the juice of the tea leaf was oxidized in the air during the treatment.
But what is a key feature of Oolong?
It grows high in the mountains, on large plantations and is tended by masters who have inherited tea knowledge for centuries.
Good Oolong is produced only from adult leaves of the tea tree, which are twisted into dense lumps in such a way that the tea leaf contact with air is minimal. This prevents excessive fermentation of tea in the air.
Oolong tea is unique and its properties cannot be confused with other varieties of tea. It is thanks to these properties that this tea has only positive reviews. Brewed Oolong has a specific, spicy and slightly sweet, floral or honey flavor and aroma.
The variety of Oolongs is impressive. Some are grown on the island of Taiwan and some on the mainland. Blue-green teas are produced in different provinces on the mainland, but mostly teas of Fujian Province (south and north) and Guangdong Province are known. They differ even externally, not to mention the differences in the methods of their manufacture.
In addition to high taste and aesthetic qualities, Oolong teas affect physical and mental health.
Japanese scientists in 2001 conducted a very interesting study: they measured the metabolism in people who regularly drink oolong tea and green tea. According to the results of the study, it was found that during exercise, oolong lovers burn an average of 2 times more calories compared to those who drink green tea.
Some useful properties:
– Helps weight loss
– Helps prevent the development of most cancers
– Thanks to the high content of anti-oxidants it helps to fight against aging, especially with regard to changes in brain neurons and the decline of the nervous system that comes with age
– Fights with hypertension and normalizes blood pressure
– Improves skin condition
Black tea is one of the most popular drinks in the world. It is not only very tasty, but also useful. Its benefits are invaluable. In addition, it is available to everyone, since it does not have a very high price.
The name “black tea” is fixed in Europe. In China this type of tea is called red, and “black tea” the Chinese call puerh.
It is considered highly fermented (up to 70 – 90%). This means that almost all the juice of the tea leaf is oxidized.
So why is black tea so so popular?
Producing black tea is easier than green tea. It is done all year round, “harvesting green” is possible, and for a couple, and over the coals, and in general this tea is most often produced industrially. There is no such requirement that the sheet should be completed. At the end of the production, the tea is roasted. It was thanks to the “completion” of the fermentation that this tea is then able to be transported and subsequently this tea was widely spread in Europe.
It is this type of tea that the Europeans (in particular the English) began to cultivate in their colonies after the loss of China as a source of tea.
The taste of black tea is bitter, the infusion is orange or red. Tea has a complex action, which simultaneously tones and soothes.
It has about 300 different components, but its most important parts are substances including: tannins, amino acids, alkaloids, pigments, essential oils and vitamins. These all have a beneficial effect on the body.
Does Black Tea, cause more harm than good?
Of course, this drink has much more useful properties and consist of the following:
-Caffein brings a whole bunch of benefits to the human body, like stimulating general metabolism as well as good blood circulation of the brain, improves the cardiovascular system and kidney function.
-Prophylaxis of skin cancer:
– Brings important benefits to the body, reduces harm from free radicals (one of the main causes of aging of the body) and also increases immunity.
– According to the latest studies, because of the polysaccharides contained, Black Tea is beneficial for diabetics as it slows down the absorption of glucose.
– Prevents the reproduction of harmful microorganisms in the digestive system and it is useful in case of stomach disorders, as well as other system failures.
-Contains Fluoride, which undoubtedly benefits the teeth and gums. In addition, it eliminates bad breath of the mouth (including cigarettes).
All the above mentioned medicinal properties of tea and its health-improving effects on the body are preserved only if it is properly consumed!
Black tea slightly increases blood pressure. For people with low blood pressure, this causes more harm than good. For the same reason, Black Tea can cause harm to a patient with glaucoma, which increases intraocular pressure.
Pu’er or pu–erh
Puer is a Chinese post-fermented tea native to Yunnan Province. This tea is different from all the previous ones. – I’m gonna check the phrase.
Let’s see why.
It is a “living” product. Fermentation processes constantly occur in it, which effects both the properties of the Puer and its taste. Puer changes yearly of aging and acquires completely new shades.
To produce this tea, raw materials are subjected to natural or artificial aging. With natural aging, Puer is aged 7-8 years; during this time, slow fermentation processes take place, resulting in the composition of substances in tea, taste, and aroma change.
With artificial aging, the raw material is subjected to active fermentation, piled on heaps and sprinkled with water. So it preets for 30-100 days. After that, it is dried and kept for about a year.
There are two kinds of this tea: Shen Puer (raw Puer), and Shu Puer (cooked Puer).
Also Puer happens, both are pressed and loose. Pressed is most common – it is pressed into various forms, such as a pancake, a nest, a brick, a square, or a pumpkin.
The raw Puer has a green tinge, and the leaves of the cooked Puer of dark color, respectively brewed, Shu Puer has a very rich dark color, unlike Shen Puer. The first is sour with a taste of prunes, and the second resembles the taste of chocolate.
The benefits of PU-erh are invaluable:
It has been known since ancient times for its healing and useful properties.
Scientific research conducted recently has proven that quality Puer has the following properties:
– Discharges toxins from the body. It can be consumed both for treatment and prevention.
– Reduces blood sugar levels, as prescribed by a doctor, Pueras are often recommended to diabetics. Also, this is the only of all teas that can be used without pain to cure peptic ulcers.
-Rapid weight loss as it removes excess moisture from the body. In China they say: Puer helps the whole body to be exactly what it should be.
-It is a strong tonic; it is comparable in effect to amphetamine or coffee, but it is very useful. It can be consumed before training, exams, and driving. Drink just one thermos of brewed puerin during the day and you will feel a huge surge of energy, a charge of vivacity, you will have a desire to work and accomplish your goals.
-You can cure alcoholism with Puer. This is not a panacea, but science knows cases when Puer helped to get rid of addiction.
– Alleviates mental pressure. This should be kept in mind when using it.
-It is known that this tea even removes radioactive strontium from bones.
-It is useful for gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers; it does not have the effect of green tea in stimulating digestion, but, it does have a soothing and calming effect.
– Reduces sugar in the blood, so it can be used in the treatment of diabetes.
-The cancer anti-cancer effect is proven, especially in the during stages of the disease.
Puer tea is gaining popularity all over the world – Not only in China and Asia. A large number of people in America and Europe have become fans. Puer collects positive reviews from around the world!
We have considered 6 kinds of tea.
I hope this article helped to understand how green tea is different from black tea, and why Puer has become so popular of late.
And I want to hear from you:
What is your favorite kind of tea?